Diamond raw loses its luster .. trade exceeded $ 45 million .. and an African country produces 26 tonnes annually

Is it possible to differentiate between real and synthetic diamonds ?!

Confirms French expert “hands Vlasshadrajer” the founder of the mosque Gemological Institute in Antwerp, France, that the naked eye can not distinguish between diamonds and real industrial so that the specialists resort to the use of the telescope spectroscopy is capable of testing device, hundreds of sparklers in an hour, but these devices are not accurate in the detection of the fact diamonds, while the diamond is small in size, which is used in jewelry, does not require disclosure of it to know what it is.

Also, there are real diamonds at a depth of 100 kilometers under the ground before his appearance on the Earth’s surface, and appears on the surface with volcanic regions movements, and therefore less-producing countries natural diamond, it is the African continent, the global producer of natural diamonds.

The diamond industrial manufacture of carbon and hydrogen, which leads to a crystallized has the industry emerged in the 19th, and then lost the normal value of diamonds by 40% due to the superiority of the industrial rivals for decades, and track the industry’s private sector companies, as sales of “industrial” in the markets rose to between 10-50%, it has recently joined Russia and China’s 15-nation diamond-producing industrial.

The annual production of imitation than 350 thousand carats and is approaching a year compared to 150 million carats of rough diamonds and natural worth between 45-135 million dollars, what is between 39.4 – 118 million euros.

Most diamond mines are located in central and southern Africa in spite of the discovery of significant amounts in each of Canada, Russia, Brazil, Australia, and extracted the equivalent of 130 million carats, equivalent to about 26 tons of diamonds annually.

Ways diamond mining

The value of that amount about $ 9 billion. Over the past year have been found in eastern Sierra Leone on a piece of diamond worth more than six million dollars, one of the most beautiful pieces that were found, according to the announcement by the National Agency for Mineral Resources, and with a weight of about 153 carats, and described it as a piece of first-class in terms of color and purity.

And Sierra Leone have great mineral wealth attract investors, but the poverty rate is still high among the population.

The Kimberley Process initiative was launched in 2003 in the presence of representatives of the diamond-producing countries in the sub-continent, with the aim of establishing an independent process for ratification of the rough diamond production and trafficking in it in order to check whether the product in areas not in conflict to stop the influx of diamonds, which is sold in order to finance rebel groups, where it is known diamonds produced in areas of conflict as “blood diamonds.”

Ways diamond mining

Amounts diamond producers have been estimated in the conflict zones before the implementation of the ratification of the system provided for by the Kimberley Process initiative, about 15% of the total global trade in gems, but now account for less than one percent ratio.